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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 82-87

Could recurrent otitis media predict primary antibody deficiencies in Egyptian children?

1 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Department ofOtorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
3 Department ofClinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Tamer A. Yousef
Department of ORL, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, 36 Ismail Wahbi Street, Naser City, Cairo
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1012-5574.133179

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Background Recurrent ear infection is a significant warning sign of primary immunodeficiency diseases. Objective To estimate the frequency of IgA deficiency among children presenting to the outpatient clinic with recurrent otitis media (ROM > 4 times/year) and identify other possible risk factors of ROM in our community. Materials and methods Three hundred children (154 males and 146 females), who presented to the outpatient clinic of Children's Hospital, Ain Shams University with ROM, were consecutively enrolled in the study over a 1-year period. According to the age of enrollment, children were classified into two groups: group A (1-6 years) and group B (>6-12 years). The demographic features of both groups were evaluated together with assessment of serum IgA level. Results Of all patients studied, only two (0.7%) had a low serum IgA level for normal age-reference values. None of the patients had neutropenia or lymphopenia. Iron-deficiency anemia was diagnosed in 76 cases, with higher rates among the patients in group A than group B. All patients received several courses of various empirical broad-spectrum antibiotics, but with either an incomplete course (n = 192) or a poor response (n = 49). Conclusion The current study showed a relatively low incidence of IgA deficiency among children with ROM and indicated other environmental risk factors that participated in the occurrence of OM in our community.

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