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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 71-78

Audiovestibular findings in autoimmune diseases

1 Associate Professor of Audiovestibular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kaferelsheikh University, Egypt
2 Lecturer of Audiovestibular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Egypt
3 Lecturer of Internal Medicine and Rheumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Takwa A Gabr
Audivestibular Medicine, Professor of Audivestibular Medicine, Otolaryngology head and neck surgery department, Kafrelsheikh University Hospitals, El-Geish street, Kafrelsheikh, 33516
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ejo.ejo_15_18

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Background Audiovestibular manifestations are reported in autoimmune diseases including hearing loss and vestibular symptoms. Objectives This study is designed to evaluate the audiovestibular manifestations in patients with different autoimmune diseases especially asymptomatic cases. Subjects and Methods This work included two groups: study group (29 cases with different autoimmune diseases) and control group (20 healthy subjects). All participantswere subjected to basic audiologic evaluation, Sinusoidal harmonic acceleration (SHA) test of the rotatory chair at different frequencies (.01-.64Hz). Results patients with ADs showed elevated hearing thresholds (>25dBHL) at all tested frequencies. As regard SHA test, only 5 cases from the study grop showed normal results, while the rest of cases showed vestibular hypofunction (bilateral in 22 cases and unilateral in 3 cases). Conclusion Audiovestibular symptoms are common in different autoimmune diseases even asymptomatic cases. SHA test showed that vestibular affection is much more frequent than expected. So, regular screening of hearing and vestibular functions in patients with autoimmune should be done, for better and early management.

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