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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 162-167

Vitamin D levels in children diagnosed with acute otitis media

1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Assuit University, Assuit, Egypt
2 Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Assuit University, Assuit, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mohamed O. A Gad
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, 71515
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ejo.ejo_59_18

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Objective To investigate the relationship between acute otitis media (AOM) and vitamin D level in children. Patients and methods This prospective study was conducted at Assiut University Hospital between December 2016 and March 2017. The study group comprised ambulatory children who were diagnosed with AOM and healthy controls. The blood sample (5 cm) was taken immediately after the diagnosis of AOM in the laboratory for measuring serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Abnormal value=deficiency+insufficiency. Results Of the 40 children included in this study, 30 were the cases and 10 were controls. The mean age of the cases was 4.92±3.08 and 5.92±4.04 years for the controls besides 18 (60%) of the AOM group were boys and 12 (40%) were girls, compared with five (50%) boys and five (50%) were girls in the control group. Otalgia and congested tympanic membrane were present in all children of the diseased group. Also 70% had upper respiratory tract infection preceding the attack of AOM and 33.3% had previous attack of AOM. Twenty-two (73.3%) out of 30 children of the AOM group have an abnormal value of vitamin D and it was statistically significant than the control group. Conclusion Both vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency were significant in children suffering from AOM than normal children.

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