The Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19--29

A stepwise algorithm for the management of cerebrospinal fluid gusher during cochlear implantation


Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed Mehanna1, Mohamed Fawzi Fathala1, Mohamed Samy Elwany2 
1 ORL Department, Alexandria School of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
2 Audiology Department, Alexandria School of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed Mehanna
PHD, 612, El Horyea Street, Alexandria, 21532
Egypt

Objectives The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of CSF gusher during cochlear implantation in children with and without congenital inner-ear malformation and to establish a simple stepwise algorithm for managing CSF gusher at the time of cochleostomy. Materials and methods A total of 54 congenitally deaf children were included in a retrospective study between January 2011 and December 2012. All cases underwent classical cochlear implantation surgeries via mastoidectomy and posterior tympanostomy approach. Results Nine patients developed gusher at the time of the cochleostomy. Among the nine cases, only one child did not show any preoperative radiologic evidence of any bony cochleovestibular malformation, whereas the remaining eight cases had different congenital inner-ear malformations with known risk for intraoperative gusher during surgery. Conclusion We concluded that the CSF gusher is a surgical difficulty or an intraoperative challenge rather than a bad prognostic determinate for the postoperative audiologic performance, and in cases of congenital cochleovestibular malformation that develop gusher, a high degree of congenital anomaly of the cochlea, and not the degree or the amount of gusher, is correlated to the poor patient performance. Finally, we were able to achieve a simple stepwise algorithm for the management of gusher during cochlear implantation.


How to cite this article:
Mehanna AM, Fathala MF, Elwany MS. A stepwise algorithm for the management of cerebrospinal fluid gusher during cochlear implantation.Egypt J Otolaryngol 2015;31:19-29


How to cite this URL:
Mehanna AM, Fathala MF, Elwany MS. A stepwise algorithm for the management of cerebrospinal fluid gusher during cochlear implantation. Egypt J Otolaryngol [serial online] 2015 [cited 2019 Nov 15 ];31:19-29
Available from: http://www.ejo.eg.net/article.asp?issn=1012-5574;year=2015;volume=31;issue=1;spage=19;epage=29;aulast=Mehanna;type=0